fine binding

typewritten binary code endpapers + pink leather joints - fine binding - work in progress by Kaija Rantakari /

fine binding – another binary code wip

typewritten binary code endpapers + pink leather joints - fine binding - work in progress by Kaija Rantakari /

I’m repeating myself a bit here – binding another copy of Ontto harmaa by Olli-Pekka Tennilä, again with no time to spare. I hadn’t intended to leave for Helsinki until June, but when the perfect summer home popped up, I couldn’t let it slip away. And so my month reserved for binding this book turned into two weeks of scrambling together every unfinished thing AND binding this book from scratch. I’m doing a variation of a more traditional looking fine binding than my first Ontto harmaa was (it was an adapted version of a sewn boards binding). I find my skills rusty and my nerves all over the place, but I try to focus on the thought that done is better than perfect. Mind you, I don’t advice you guys to do fine binding in a rush. It makes no sense, but here I am, with life skills 5/5.

preparing 2mm diameter leather onlays - fine binding - work in progress by Kaija Rantakari /

Also going to do that thing with almost 800 2mm diameter leather onlays again. Madness is what I excel at.


getting ready to tool the title - fine binding - work in progress by Kaija Rantakari /

Today is all about finishing – i.e. adding those dots and other finishing touches that are still missing. The title was put on yesterday already. Once the covers are done, tomorrow it’s time to glue down the leather joints, fill in the inside covers, and put on the binary code doublures. If I finish all this by Friday evening, I should be good. I’m coming back home in under two weeks which means I’ll even have time to take photos of the book before I need to send it on its way. Note to self: never again. Except I think I said that last time, too.

fine binding vs. creating awesome journals

Fine binding of Musta kivi valkoisen päällä by César Vallejo, bound by Kaija Rantakari in 2008 /
Musta kivi valkoisen päällä by César Vallejo, bound by me in 2008.


Bookbinders come in many shapes and sizes and their work may differ much more than you’d expect. People working under the same title create most varying book shaped products. Today my focus is in making blank books that are a pleasure to use and easy to approach, but I could’ve chosen to do something quite different. This post is just as much about why I’ve chosen not to pursue a career in fine binding as it is about why I chose to create luxurious but useful journals and notebooks instead. The photos featured here are of fine bindings I’ve made along the way. I apologise in advance – this is going to be a long post.

Fine binding of Musta kivi valkoisen päällä by César Vallejo, bound by Kaija Rantakari in 2008 /

First of all I think I need to explain the term fine binding: it refers to somewhat elaborately decorated and designed collectible bindings of books with content, often done in full leather. These bindings aren’t usually known for structural experimentation or innovation (there are exceptions of course!), but the cover designs vary from traditional to outright kooky. You can take a look at my designer binding Pinterest boards here and here if you feel like browsing hundreds and hundreds of spectacular fine bindings.

Full leather binding of Yann Andréa Steiner by Marguerite Duras, bound by Kaija Rantakari in 2009 /
Yann Andréa Steiner by Marguerite Duras, bound by me in 2009.


When I was first studying bookbinding I was already interested in historical binding structures, or more specifically, the ways I could use them in modern book design, but fine binding was pretty high up on my list of interests. Fine binding was also the direction my teachers prodded me towards, but there are many reasons I never took to creating fine bindings after graduating. I’ve made a handful of fine bindings for various competitions, done pretty well in them (I’ve gotten first and second prizes as well as honourable mentions), and that’s about it, but I’ve just now decided to take part in a Nordic bookbinding exhibition after years of fine binding hiatus. Whether or not my book is up to par and gets in the exhibition remains to be seen.

Full leather binding of Yann Andréa Steiner by Marguerite Duras, bound by Kaija Rantakari in 2009 /

I’m still not planning on taking up fine binding on a regular basis; this is more of a personal hobby project where I get to enjoy the process and techniques so different from my usual work while still working in a book medium. I’m slightly dreading this commitment, but I need to see if I can still do this after all this time. In the past I’ve shared the process of making some competition books and I suppose I’ll eventually do the same with this exhibition book (the deadline is in about a year from now, so I won’t be sharing fine binding work next week, sorry!). You can find the blog posts about the earlier competition books here (Duras), here (Vallejo), here (Pyhät kuvat kalliossa) and here (Pyhät kuvat kalliossa process photos on Flickr).

Full leather binding of Yann Andréa Steiner by Marguerite Duras, bound by Kaija Rantakari in 2009 /

I greatly enjoy the slowness of making a fine binding and all the things you can create with leather you cannot with linen. I appreciate the tradition and I admire many talented fine binders (Sol Rebora and Haein Song to name two), but all the effort and financial investment creating a fine binding requires is intimidating to me. Good quality bookbinding leather is expensive compared to the materials I normally use and it somewhat damps my eagerness to get experimental with techniques and designs, so I often choose to create something safe, and safe quickly becomes boring.

Full leather binding of Yann Andréa Steiner by Marguerite Duras, bound by Kaija Rantakari in 2009 /

I’m also terrified of picking out a book to bind, and even more so of committing to a cover design. Designing covers for a fine binding means I need to draw – two dimensional work is like another world to me: I’m great at building stuff, sculpting, pleating, etc., but I haven’t found a way to design leather work in a way that would allow me to see it in my minds eye as well as I see my collages and other designs. This is probably due to lack of practise, but just the thought of drawing a cover design makes me flinch even when it’s basically technical drawing, not artistic work.

Pyhät kuvat kalliossa (a book about Finnish rock paintings) fine binding by Kaija Rantakari in 2008 /
Pyhät kuvat kalliossa, a book about Finnish rock paintings, bound by me in 2008.


While I often work non-stop for hours with no sense of time, I feel I’m a better person when I work on books that get finished over a relatively short period of time. Creating a fine binding can easily take weeks just because there’s like a thousand steps where something needs to dry overnight or spend time in press. Finishing a book gives me that uplifting sense of accomplishment that finishing one step out of hundred simply can’t give, so making simpler notebooks gives me a greater reward even though the creative process isn’t as demanding. I like demanding, don’t get me wrong, but perhaps I lack the patience to commit to such long projects all the time.

Pyhät kuvat kalliossa (a book about Finnish rock paintings) fine binding by Kaija Rantakari in 2008 /

If I had chosen to focus more on fine binding, my customers would also be very different from the ones I have today. I love my customers (now more than ever)! Fine binding is design that has very little effect on most peoples lives, but awesome journals and notebooks are items that can bring joy to just about anyone in their daily life.

Pyhät kuvat kalliossa (a book about Finnish rock paintings) fine binding with hand sewn silk endbands by Kaija Rantakari in 2008 /

Unsurprisingly, I find it more motivating to make books for people I can relate to. And I just don’t see myself ever affording a designer binding (usually selling in the range of hundreds or thousands of Euros), nor would I even know how to really appreciate owning one. My love for books is much more practical – books are for reading or writing. Beautiful books that are pleasant to handle are a true delight to me, but rare books and first editions etc. are not items I’d like to own, and people who do seem to speak a language quite foreign to me. I’m not a collector of things you shouldn’t touch. I’ll gladly admire them at museums and libraries, and look at photos of them online, but I like to be surrounded by items that invite me to actually use them instead of just admiring them from a safe distance. I want my books to be used and handled, not placed in a private library and only rarely taken out only to be carefully examined by a few trusted individuals.

Pyhät kuvat kalliossa (a book about Finnish rock paintings) fine binding by Kaija Rantakari in 2008 /

To sum up: I prefer to make things that are useful. I prefer customers I can relate to. I prefer to make books people can afford. I find the commitment a fine binding requires pretty darn intimidating. I appreciate the design work even the simplest notebook requires. Design is everywhere, it’s not just in the embellishments you add to the cover of your book or in the expensiveness of materials used, it is the book itself! All the materials, proportions, structures… it’s all design. For years I had this gnawing sense of guilt for not making better use of my education by focusing on fine binding that requires a skill set unavailable to most self-taught bookbinders and would somehow be grander and more admirable than binding notebooks and journals for charming creative human beings is.

Notebooks are at the beginning of their journey when they leave my hands – they are miles away from being finished and done, and I truly love to be in the position where I get to imagine all the things they will once be filled with. Selling affordable and practical books allows me to interact with a much larger customer base and that interaction brings so. much. joy. to my everyday life. I love browsing your Instagram photos and Pinterest interests, and catch glimpses of your life knowing that maybe these moments I catch are also being recorded in my books in one form or another. Pretty self-centred approach to social media, huh? In reality I peruse your photos with no hidden agenda, but I do think about these things every now and then. Still, mostly I think about you. You’re awesome. Thanks for making me not feel guilty about not doing the most luxurious fine bindings on Earth. Thanks for making me feel I’m alright and my books are even more alright.


how did I become a bookbinder? – part 3

Today I’ll wrap up this series of posts about my bookbinding studies (part 1, part 2) by telling you a bit about my master bookbinder studies and exam. All the books featured in this post are ones I made for my master’s exam.

This large (33x26cm/13″x10.2″) photo album was actually the beginning of something much bigger. After I opened my Etsy shop in the autumn of 2007, my biggest sellers for a few years were unique stenciled notebooks with linen covers (and then I just got bored with the technique and with the other bookbinders on Etsy suddenly stenciling their suddenly linen books, and I then moved on to other techniques and designs). This book was my first one combining those two things. The leaf design is mirrored on the back cover, creating a family tree type of theme for the photo album.

The structure of studies and the qualifications for any official bookbinder’s occupational degree vary a lot from country to country, and even the terminology is a bit of a mess. When I was studying (in 2004-2006) there were three different bookbinder programs: artisan, apprenticeship, and master, but I think the most official English translation of my master’s degree at the moment would be that I hold a specialist qualification for bookbinders. Sounds so lame I’m going to stick with the oldschool title. I’ve also let myself be informed that at the moment it looks like there’s no occupational training in Finland for bookbinders of any level anymore, which is sad, but also understandable. We already had a hard time gathering up the required nine students for the course in 2006, and there’s been a few courses (apprenticeship, maybe no master) after ours.

Anyway, I took a pretty unconventional study path and moved directly from my apprenticeship program to the master program and got the degrees back to back, graduating as a master bookbinder only 2½ years after beginning my full time studies. I know at least in Germany this wouldn’t be possible, and I guess maturing a bit between the degrees is a relevant part of the plan elsewhere, too. The master program usually takes two years, but we had two years’ worth of studies packed into one (for budget reasons, I assume), so that year was no picnic. The format for studies was the same as before (lots of visiting teachers and intensive 1-2 week courses on various subjects – we even got to make our own leather paring knives and some metal bonefolders!), just a lot more demanding.

Honestly, that year was one of the worst (if not the worst) in my life – bookbinding was still awesome, but I just had the most horrible time tolerating human contact at the time, and I couldn’t have gotten away soon enough. In the end, only 2 of our group of 9 passed the exam on the first try, and I’m not actually sure if the other seven ever tried to retake it (I’ve told you before – I’m the worst at staying in touch!). It wasn’t an easy exam and many boxes needed to be ticked before passing it.

The pre-made books for the exam were to be: full+half leather bindings, full+half cloth bindings, an album, one of the books had to feature a hand gilt real gold edge, 4 of the books with titles (I think at least one hand gilt in real gold), and decoration+hand gilding on the full leather binding. There was also a theory exam, an interview, a written project (I have no recollection what I did mine about and I didn’t come across it during my study material excavation, so I can’t self-evaluate how well or bad I did in retrospect), some business stuff I’m eternally surprised I passed, and we had to round and back a book + sew endbands to it some time during the exam days for the evaluation of the master bookbinders in charge of our futures.





For this series of posts I went through folders and folders of course handouts, unreadable notes, and sketches for past projects. These sketches for the binding of Jorge Semprún‘s Suuri matka (Le grand voyage/The Long Voyage – the author’s name in the title is written as it is printed on the title page, hence the missing acute) emerged from that lot. I had a much more blue colour scheme in mind at first, and I tried some wax resistance techniques for the paper, too, but I ended up going with straightforward painting combined with hand gilding on leather.

I still have mountains of materials from my school days I’d like to share with you some day – decorating plaquettes, other technique samplers and book models. All that is hidden under the bed, in boxes, inaccessible until I use up at least 5-10 kilograms of paper that’s sitting atop those boxes. At that stage I might be able to lift the rest of that pile of paper off with the help of V. Note to self: don’t go buying 500 massive sheets of paper without thinking at what pace you use it and how much easier it would be to work with slightly smaller sheets….


Back-pared leather onlays and hand gilding. Donna Quijote ja muita kaupunkilaisia. Muotokuva (translated as Doña Quixote and other citizens) by Leena Krohn

My edge gilding skills were never top notch, but I passed the exam nonetheless – luckily the photo doesn’t really do justice to my gold edge anyway, so it’s up to you to imagine how good or bad I really was. No, seriously, it’s alright, it’s just duller than I’d like it to be. Edge gilding was perhaps the one thing that I now feel sad about not getting to practice enough at school. My press at home isn’t heavy duty enough for getting good gold edges, so I’ve never gotten round to acquiring the other necessary equipment either.

I’m a serious tool hoarder, so it’s a minor wonder I have virtually no gilding equipment – just a few simple lines I made myself on the tool making course, but I haven’t ever used them after graduating. Fine binding in general just slowly fell off the list of things I do, with the exception of participating in some bookbinding competitions, probably mainly for personal budget reasons (it gets really expensive quickly, unless you have/want actual customers willing to pay for your work). If fine binding ever does a comeback to my life, I have a lot of practicing to do again. Luckily the skills you hone daily, or at least weekly, for some years, tend to come back quickly when you need them again. I know I can still do a mean headcap.

Read more:
Part 1
Part 2

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